2 edition of Effects of land-use conversion on water runoff and soil erosion found in the catalog.
Effects of land-use conversion on water runoff and soil erosion
Rome H Mickelson
by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Technical Information Service [distributor] in [Washington, D.C.?], Springfield, Va
Written in English
|Contributions||United States. Agricultural Research Service|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||18 p. :|
|Number of Pages||18|
to assess the effects of changes in land use, land cover, management practices, or climactic conditions on water and soil erosion at both small and large watershed scales. Examples of continuous watershed simulation models reported in the literature include CREAMS (a field-scale model for Chemicals, Runoff, and Erosion. The improved land management and soil quality increased water infiltration, decreasing runoff, reducing peak runoff and flood flows, and decreasing the erosion potential of streams as well. The area is a good example of the changing concerns for water quality and the need for improvements in input efficiency and input management approaches.
Effects of Grazing on Runoff and Sediment Yield from Desert Rangeland at Badger Wash in Western Colorado, (Hydrologic effects of land use) (Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper ) Bibliography: p. : 1. Runoff Colorado Badger Wash watershed. 2. Sediments (Geology) Colorado Badger Wash watershed. 3. Rainfall, and the surface runoff which may result from rainfall, produces four main types of soil erosion: splash erosion, sheet erosion, rill erosion, and gully erosion is generally seen as the first and least severe stage in the soil erosion process, which is followed by sheet erosion, then rill erosion and finally gully erosion (the most severe of the four).
Main goal of this study is to determine the effects of canopy on soil erosion and carbon sequestration in a pure Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L. subsp. robur L.) coppice stand during the conversion process into high forest. Obtained results showed that average soil loss amounts were , and t/ha/yr and total carbon stock amounts. This slows runoff from the land, allowing water to infiltrate the soil and reducing erosion. Buffer Stripping: An area of vegetation, often grass, planted at the edge of a field next to a body of water such as a lake or river. Filter strips help protect water quality by trapping and filtering sediment, nutrients, and other pollutants in runoff.
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Get this from a library. Effects of land-use conversion on water runoff and soil erosion. [Rome H Mickelson; United States. Agricultural Research Service.].
To quantify the effects of these conservation efforts, this study identified the land‐use changes between and and quantified their impacts on runoff and erosion using the Soil and Water Assessment Tools (SWAT) and a typical hilly basin, the Yanhe River basin as a Cited by: Land use conversion can affect natural ecological processes such as surface runoff and erosion.
Therefore, it has potential to change soil stability To investigate this process in depth, Iskalan creek catchment in the Black sea region, where excessive land use applications and erosion events have often occured, was selected as the study by: The specific objectives were: (1) to analyze the effects of land use/land cover on soil and water loss, (2) to determine the response of runoff and soil erosion to different rainfall regimes, and (3) to study the role of different land use types on soil erosion control under different rainfall regimes.
Material and methodology Study areaCited by: 1 hour ago The Jablanica River is the tributary of the Južna Morava River, which stands out as a basin with the most intensive erosion processes in the Republic of Serbia .A large number of studies on soil erosion in many parts of the Republic of Serbia were conducted in the past [30,31,32] but just a few of them attempted to correlate soil erosion with demographic and land use.
Overall, the sediment yield were significantly negatively correlated with LAI, canopy cover, stand litter, and saturated water capacity, while positively correlated with BD and runoff. The effects of precipitation on the sediment yield of agroforestry systems in this region became less important due to their partly improved soil conditions and.
It was found that land use can greatly affect runoff and soil erosion. The greatest rates of runoff and sediment loss were measured in hilly areas under vines (average sediment loss t km −2 yr −1). CAUSES AND EFFECT OF EROSION ABSTRACT. This research work was designed to examine the causes and effect of soil erosion in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State.
Five (5) research questions were formulated and questionnaires were administered to one hundred () respondents in order to gather data for the research. Soil Landscape Land use. units also allow the movement of air and water. A soil with poor soil structure has a high risk of generating runoff.
The risk of runoff is greatest Environment Agency thinksoils factors that influence erosion and runoff / soil surface roughness Factors that influence erosion and runoff Effects of Soil Erosion on Water Quality and Aquatic Ecosystem in a Watershed riparian zones and land use on water quality.
EPA, A review of the EPA Red Book. Land use change is necessary and essential for economic development and social progress.
Land use change, however, does not come without costs (see Table 1). Conversion of farmland and forests to urban development reduces the amount of lands available for food and timber production.
Soil erosion, salinization. This report examines evidence on the relationship between agricultural land-use changes, soil productivity, and indicators of environmental sensitivity. If cropland that shifts in and out of production is less productive and more environmentally sensitive than other cropland, policy-induced changes in land use could have production effects.
The effects of impact of raindrops and of surface‐flow on the surface‐soil will, among other things, depend on the kinetic energy of the water in motion. Energy factors in rainfall and runoff were controlled for these experiments, and some of the effects. Using the SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tools) model, we assessed the impacts of land use change and climate variability on surface hydrology (runoff, soil water and evapotranspiration) in an.
Rapid land use changes have been observed in recent years in central Ethiopia. The shift from natural ecosystem to artificial ecosystem is the main direction of change. Therefore, this study was initiated to assess the effects of land use types on selected soil properties in Meja watershed, central highlands of Ethiopia.
The randomized complete block design, including three adjacent land use. The relationship between water quality and soil erosion cannot be overemphasized. Soil erosion and residue management, especially surface water runoff, influence water quality.
A tillage survey sponsored by the Iowa Resource Management Partnership committee indicated the need for improvement in adopting conservation practices. The survey shows no. Publisher: [Washington, D.C.?]: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service ; Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service [distributor].
This paper studied the impacts of land use/cover change on soil erosion in Fujian mountainous areas on the basis of analysis on long period inspection and experimental materials in Jianou Niu Kenglong Experimental Station and the Provincial Soil and Water Conservation Station, researched soil erosion mechanism of mountain grassland ecosystem, and different soil erosion.
accelerate the soil erosion process. This Factsheet looks at the causes and effects of water, wind and tillage erosion on agricultural land. Figure 1. The erosive force of water from concentrated. surface water runoff.
WATER EROSION The widespread occurrence of water erosion combined with the severity of on-site and off-site. These land use changes are intensifying pressure on the natural environment. When land is under construction, soil erosion can be signiﬁcant – often many times greater than on land used for agriculture.
The resulting sediment damages surface water resources (including community water supplies), obstructs roads and degrades wildlife habitat. Land use is a key parameter in the hydrologic cycle.
Tropical Africa is affected by intense land use change since decades, particularly deforestation and conversion to agricultural land. The aim of this study is to analyse the effects of land use change on the hydrologic processes and soil physical properties in a small catchment (Aguima catchment) in central Benin.reduced infiltration and so runoff and erosion increased / flood peaks higher and lag times shorter / increased discharge and eroded material in river = flooding, erosion of riverbed (land use changes) deforestation - effect on soil health.The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) enables planners to predict the average rate of soil erosion for each feasible alter- native combination of crop system and management practices in association with a specified soil type, rainfall pattern, and topography.
When these predicted losses are compared with.